Back to: Blog Author: Piotr Pawłowski Published on: October 30, 2023

Navigating E-Invoicing in the EU: A Country-by-Country Guide to National Platforms

Given the extensive scope of the topic, this article will provide a brief overview of notable national platforms for e-invoicing in various European Union (EU) countries. Please note that the implementation and specifics can vary significantly, and the details provided here might change over time.


In Austria, the Federal Government has established the platform for the reception of electronic invoices to federal ministries and subordinated agencies. This platform ensures that all incoming invoices comply with the European standard.


Belgium offers the Mercurius platform, which allows businesses to send e-invoices to all Belgian public authorities. The platform supports the European standard and aims to facilitate the transition to e-invoicing for both businesses and the public sector.


Denmark has been a pioneer in e-invoicing, requiring all invoices to central government to be electronic since 2005. The NemHandel platform enables the exchange of business documents, including e-invoices, in a secure and standardized way.


In Finland, the government promotes the use of e-invoices through the B2Brouter network, which connects businesses with public administrations. The network supports the PEPPOL (Pan-European Public Procurement OnLine) standards for e-invoicing.


Chorus Pro is the national platform in France for e-invoicing, mandatory for all suppliers to public entities. It allows businesses to submit invoices electronically and ensures compliance with national and European standards.


Germany has introduced the ZRE (Central Invoice Submission Portal) and OZG-RE (Online Access Act Invoice Submission Portal) to facilitate the submission of e-invoices to federal authorities. These portals ensure the compliance of invoices with required standards.


Sistema di Interscambio (SdI) is Italy’s national platform, which acts as an intermediary to validate and route e-invoices between businesses and the public administration. E-invoicing is mandatory for all domestic B2B and B2C transactions in Italy.

The Netherlands

The Netherlands utilizes the Simplerinvoicing network, which supports the exchange of e-invoices in accordance with PEPPOL standards. This network facilitates the sending and receiving of e-invoices between businesses and public authorities.


Poland has introduced the KSeF (National System of e-Invoices) as a centralized platform for issuing, receiving, and storing e-invoices in a standardized format. The platform aims to simplify the e-invoicing process and ensure compliance with legal requirements.


In Portugal, the eSPap agency coordinates the implementation of e-invoicing in public procurement. The country has adopted the PEPPOL standards to facilitate the exchange of e-invoices.


The FACe (General Point of Entry for Electronic Invoicing) platform in Spain allows suppliers to public administrations to submit e-invoices in a standardized format, ensuring compliance with national regulations.


In Sweden, the PEPPOL network is widely used for e-invoicing, supported by the Swedish National Financial Management Authority. This network enables secure and standardized exchange of e-invoices across the country.

United Kingdom (Note: No longer part of the EU as of 2020)

The UK government encourages the use of e-invoicing, particularly in public procurement, and has adopted the PEPPOL standards to facilitate the exchange of electronic documents.

This overview highlights the diversity and complexity of e-invoicing systems across the EU. Businesses operating in these regions need to be aware of the specific requirements and platforms relevant to their transactions to ensure compliance and efficiency in their invoicing processes.

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